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Anatomy of the Heart
For Student Groups

How does the heart interact with the lungs? How is it possible that the heart beats at least 31 million times a year and pumps 5 liters of blood per minute? The anatomy and function of the organs are examined.

Book Anatomy of the Heart

Age
15 to 22 years
Duration
1 to 2 days
Maximum number of participants
20

Experiments

  • Dissection of the heart and lungs from pig

The course is divided into a theoretical and a preparatory part. For the macroscopic part, heart-lung packages from freshly slaughtered pigs are used. In groups of two to four, participants identify and name the organs of the thorax and dissect them professionally. Explanations are provided for each structure. The arterial and venous supply to the heart is illustrated and the pathophysiology of a heart attack is explained.
The associated respiratory system gives a clear insight into how our air-conducting pathways are organized and ensure regular gas exchange. The heart with its ventricles, atria and the fascinating valve systems that guarantee a permanent supply of oxygenated blood to our body are fascinating to look at. A collection of hearts fixed in formalin is available for further study of heart development in the embryonic period. Anomalies and resulting heart defects in humans and animals are discussed. During dissection, ink application can be used to macroscopically visualize the cardiac conduction system.
This course can be adapted to the specific questions and interests of the participants, e.g. for trainees in medical professions. To coordinate the course content, please contact the team of the Biology Department. 

Keywords

Relationship of structure and function; blood circulation; regulation; dissection